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The indicators of regional economy of agricultural-industrial complex (AIC) competitiveness in the foreign economic potential of the regions of the Russian federation estimation system

Chernova T.V. professor of The Economy and Finance Chair of Taganrog Institute of Management and Economy ( tv@chernova.org )

Vasyutchenko I.N. a post-graduate student of The Economy and Finance Chair of Taganrog Institute of Management and Economy ( vasyutchenko_i@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #32, 2011

Competitiveness of regional economies in a globalized agribusiness determines the possibility of participation of the subject of the Russian Federation in the international division of labor and allows the efficient integration into the global economy. The article deals with some factors influencing the formation of the competitiveness of Russian regions. On the basis of the carried out research the attempt is made to astimate the level of competitiveness of the region, specializing in producing, processing of agricultural products with the help of integrated approach. On the basis of the singled out indicators of regional economies AIC competitiveness (profit, productivity) and the formation of the integral index of regional competitiveness in agricultural production - the index of competitiveness - typological grouping of Russian regions in terms of their competitiveness was carried out. The represented approach allows us to study the dynamics of the region's competitiveness development and to form of the export policy of the Russian Federation subject.


The problem of balance of the intraregional development in studies on center-periphery interactions

Chernova O.A. Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( chernova.olga71@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #1, 2016

Subject The article reviews scientific publications by domestic and foreign scientists studying the problems of intra-regional socioeconomic asymmetry.
Objectives The paper aims to define principles and mechanisms of forming Center-periphery interactions, and determine their impact on the formation of regional policy in the light of contemporary realities.
Methods By using a critical analysis and systematization of scientific positions on the investigated issues, the article reflects controversial views on the role of the periphery in shaping the economic substructure of a territory.
Results The article examines approaches to the design and assessment of mechanisms that determine the nature of the relationship between Center and periphery, and shows how the use of concepts of regional growth theories is evident in defining the targets, mechanisms and instruments for regional development strategies.
Conclusions and Relevance The paper concludes that there is a gradual shift in the study of problems of asymmetry of regional space from the priority development of growth poles to building sound interactions of the Center and the periphery. The results of the research can be applied when developing policy instruments for regional development.


Prospects and development potential of the regions of the South of Russia in context of the anti-Russian economic sanctions

Matveeva L.G. Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( matveeva_lg@mail.ru )

Nikitaeva A.Yu. Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( a_nikitaeva@list.ru )

Chernova O.A. Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( chernova.olga71@yandex.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #17, 2015

Subject The article studies the conditions and technology of realization of the economic potential of the regions of the South of Russia, taking into account the systemic risks.
     Objectives The article's goal is to identify the terms of the positive possibilities of development of the regions of the South of Russia, taking into account specific regional risks and the expanding sectoral sanctions of the West.
     Methods For the study, we used a convergence of system, synergy, institutional, and endogenous approaches.
     Results We assessed the impact of the sanctions on the major economic blocs of the South regions of Russia. We show that the potential advantages of the regions of South of Russia, in the context of the political-economic response to Western sanctions, are determined by their powerful agro-industrial potential, because quite a large list of products gets covered by the import ban.
     Conclusions and Relevance Under the escalating economic pressure on Russia by the United States and European countries, the implementation of the proposed measures will contribute to the effective and efficient realization of the latent innovation potential of the southern Russian regions. The results of the research can be used to support the strategic directions of the industrial development of the regions of the South of Russia, develop regional socio-economic programs, and implement the measures to improve the innovation activities of enterprises and organizations.


Financial convergence as a tool to increase the competitive ability of financial market participants

Pisarenko Zh.V. Saint-Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( z.pisarenko@spbu.ru )

Chernova G.V. Saint-Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( chernova@spbu.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #46, 2015

Subject The article considers financial convergence as a principal mechanism to enhance competitive ability of entities operating in various sectors of the financial market, and financial conglomerate as its major organizational form.
     Objectives The aim of the study is to reveal the nature of the financial convergence as a mechanism to increase the competitiveness of entities operating in different sectors of the financial market, and to describe the specifics of the financial conglomerate as a basic institutional and organizational form of financial convergence.
     Methods Based on the methods of systems and logical analysis, we detailed financial convergence and financial conglomerate concepts, identified major factors contributing to the financial convergence of the insurance and pension sectors of the financial market.
     Results We performed a comparative analysis of the financial convergence in a number of countries and regions; made a list of factors of the financial convergence of insurance and pension sectors of the financial market; identified specific parameters that determine the financial conglomerate as a major institutional and organizational form of financial convergence.
     Conclusions Financial convergence represents mutual penetration of the activity of earlier competing institutions operating in different sectors of the financial market. Financial conglomerate is the main institutional and organizational form of financial convergence. It reflects the specificity of the financial convergence, and is characterized by increased competitiveness of firms affiliated with the conglomerate, informal association of firms, and various forms of pooling the capital of the firms within it.


Educational loans in Russia: the current state

Khalin V.G. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( v.halin@spbu.ru )

Chernova G.V. Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation ( g.chernova@spbu.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #48, 2015

Importance Decreasing budgetary financing of higher education and reducing number of Russian higher schools and their branches enhance the importance of education on a fee-paying basis. The study of education lending as a new form of financing the paid education is rather relevant.
     Objectives The aim of the paper is to summarize and assess the current Russian experience in educational loans, to describe the specifics of educational lending by various Russian and foreign credit institutions in Russia and abroad.
     Methods We apply logical and comparative analyses to identify factors, advantages, disadvantages and problems that currently determine real possibilities of educational loans in Russia.
     Results The analysis of educational loans in Russia and abroad enabled to identify causes of their insufficient demand at the present moment, and major areas of perfecting this form of financing the education.
     Conclusions and Relevance Educational loans as a form of tuition payment are not widely spread in Russia. The main reason is the contradiction between the high cost of educational loans (even with government subsidies) and the low paying capacity of those who need them. Reduced budgetary funding of student educational services encourage an increase in demand for educational loans. However, the overall economic situation in Russia and globally, as well as political and economic sanctions against Russia reduce the effective demand of the population, and adversely affect the ability of citizens to use educational loans.


Assessing the feasibility of bank's affiliation with a financial industrial group

Matveeva L.G. Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( matveeva_lg@mail.ru )

Chernova O.A. Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russian Federation ( chernova.olga71@yandex.ru )

Journal: Finance and credit, #1, 2015

Importance In conditions of implementing the model of non-resource development of the national economy, there is a need to boost innovation processes of the Russian industry. The lack of own resources to deliver innovation projects necessitates developing new forms of interaction of industrial enterprises and banks, which ensure the most efficient use of the combined potential of stakeholders. This explains the importance and relevance of the conducted research.
     Objectives The objective of the study is to develop model tools to assess the feasibility of bank's affiliation with a financial-industrial group in the form of a consortium.
     Methods The article considers the situation when a bank provides loans to an industrial enterprise, and simultaneously has a share in its authorized capital. The proposed economic and mathematical tools allow determining quantitative characteristics of the system parameters (the bank's participation interest in the authorized capital of the enterprise, the volume of bank loans granted to the enterprise to implement an innovation project, the share of principal and interest amount of the loan subject to repayment within a considered time interval), which correspond to the interests of both the enterprise getting the loan and the bank. The model enables to choose the optimal values of these parameters depending on initial conditions and to analyze the stability of the obtained solution. The model can be useful for analyzing opportunities of creating financial industrial groups and determining a feasible amount of investment.
     Results The model can help identify possibilities of developing a non-resource sector of regional economy on the basis of building up new integrated structures.
     Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that the presented model can be used for strategic decision-making related to development of the non-resource sector of the national industry.


Evaluation technique of tax load

Chernova M.V. candidate of economic sciences, senior teacher, All-Russian state distance learning institute of finance and economics

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #27, 2009

Reduction of tax payments is a desire of an owner and manager in any business. Some means of tax optimization under effectual tax systems are described in the article. Set of ratios characterizing tax load and efficiency of tax planning is developed.


Problems of modern audit

Chernova M.V. PhD, associate professor of chair of economy and property administration, State academy of industrial management named after N. Pastukhov, Yaroslavl ( asdf-m@yandex.ru )

Journal: International accounting, #43, 2011

In the article the question on legitimacy of the use of the term "audit" to various expert activity which name audit, counting on associations with respectability and reliability, characteristic for this professional work throughout centuries is considered.


Development of financial control in the management

Chernova M.V. PhD, associate professor of chair of economy and property administration, State academy of industrial management named after N. Pastukhov, Yaroslavl ( asdf-m@yandex.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #37, 2011

In the article it is defined the contents of historical and logical phases of financial control procedures of bankruptcy. It is shown the description of controls - fiscal, judicial, prosecutorial and departmental license, etc., used for businesses undergoing bankruptcy procedures.


Municipal creditworthiness analyses

Chernova M.V. Ph.d., Yaroslavl State University named after P.G.Demidov

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #23, 2009

Evaluation of community creditworthiness is a well known branch of analyses in the countries with developed market of municipal borrowing. Few such projects were done for cities participated in projects financed by foreign banks in Russia. This experience is summarized in the article. The development of analytic tools and data base (city budget and balance sheet) is given.


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