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The role of research and development in sustainable economic development

Baranova N.M. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( baranova_nm@rudn.univesity )

Sorokin L.V. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sorokin_lv@rudn.univesity )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #11, 2017

Importance The knowledge economy mainly pursues the transition to innovation, which are impossible without investment in human capital, advanced R&D, thus accelerating the development of the high-tech sector and drifting from uncontrollable economic growth to sustainable development.
Objectives The research examines how R&D and human capital influence sustainable development.
Methods The research is based on statistical data of development programs adopted by the UN, World Bank, UNESCO, Eurostat. Relying upon the data, we perform a cluster analysis of various groups of States and study them by socio-economic development, level of high-tech sector, human capital. OriginPro 8.6 is used to visualize the findings.
Results Economic growth and public wellbeing were found to be more and more dependent on accumulated advanced knowledge and information resources, with the man, human mind and scientific ideas being the cornerstone for them. The human capital quality can be compared with economic growth. Therefore, investment in human capital will foster economic growth.
Conclusions and Relevance Contemporary society creates appropriate conditions for economic growth by ensuring high labor productivity, technological retrofitting of production processes, development of modern communication means. However, economic growth is insufficient to curb the poverty, unless it is general and includes three UN aspects of sustainable development, i.e. economic, social and environmental.


An impact of human capital on the sustainable economic development

Baranova N.M. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( baranova_nm@rudn.univesity.ru )

Sorokin L.V. Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sorokin_lv@rudn.univesity.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #9, 2017

Importance Leading scholars around the world express their concerns about a rapid economic growth that can but decline one day. It will inevitably deplete all possible resources, i.e. raw materials, human and natural resources. There is no need in striving to an uncontrollable economic growth, while it can be substituted with sustainable development and reduce disparity in economic development of nations.
Objectives The research analyzes the effect of human capital on the sustainable development of economy.
Methods We use statistical data of the World Bank and the UN Development Program. They underlie a cluster analysis of some States with different levels of human capital, socio-economic development and environmental situation. OriginPro 8.6 was used to visualize the data.
Results Nowadays, developed countries demonstrate lower economic growth rates in comparison with developing economies, which retrofit their manufacturing sectors, implement the state-of-the-art technologies, involve cheap manpower and labor discrimination, low environmental standards. Having adopted the concept of sustainable development, developed countries pursue the compliance with it by moving their science and technologies forward, taking care of the living standards of the current and future generations, thus obstructing their economic growth.
Conclusions and Relevance Currently, natural resources diminished almost to their depletion, and economic growth is mainly driven by innovative developments and discoveries. Sustainable development requires not only investment and new technologies, but also the revision of civilization priorities, refusal from certain benefits for the sake of the future generations to come.


Development of the IT-industry as a growth trend in the knowledge economy: Analyzing the evidence from the USA and Russia

Larin S.M. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( sergey77707@rambler.ru )

Baranova N.M. Russian Peoples’ Friendship University, Moscow, Russian Federation ( nina_baranova_68@mail.ru )

Khrustalev E.Yu. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation ( stalev777@yandex.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #4, 2017

Importance Considering the rapidly growing economy of knowledge and vying for distribution markets, it becomes especially important to obtain first-hand information. The development of IT?industry and integration of information technologies are regarded as growth trends of the knowledge economy. Under these circumstances, it is relevant to search for ways of effective development of the knowledge economy and IT-industry as its component.
Objectives The research determines growth trends of the knowledge economy, unveils what specific aspects are associated with the development and implementation of import substitution programs designated to overcome technological dependence of key sectors of the Russian economy in critical areas.
Methods The research involves results obtained from analysis of IT-industry practices, development and integration of information technologies, illustrating activities of entities in the USA and Russia. The research relies upon methods of statistical analysis.
Results We specified the definition of information space, studied possible approaches to solving the issue of growing information and creating the intellectual nucleus of the IT industry, illustrating the evidence of the USA and Russia. As for further development of information technologies, business entities will design unique IT-products, systems and technologies for managing them through the availability of their own bases of components provided quality criteria are met. The proposed approach underlies the strategy for the U.S. leadership in IT.
Conclusions and Relevance Business entities cannot reach competitive advantages of innovation and IT leadership if they fail to control the global infrastructure of information space. The article indicates the main categories of such control and specific options for exercising it.


Development of a regional waste-management system

Baranova A.F. Vladimir State University (named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs), Vladimir, Russian Federation ( afbaranova@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #20, 2014

The article deals with economic regulation of waste management at a regional level and the appropriate target programs. The author considers the main ways of the problem solution connected with priority activities in education, accumulation and allocation of waste regarding the territorial specific character of the Vladimir region.


Student’s semantic-oriented methodology of training in the information-communicative environment of the university

Khrustalev Ye.Yu. doctor of economical sciences, professor, leading scientific worker CEMI RAS ( stalev@cemi.rssi.ru )

Baranova N.M. candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor, department of economic-mathematical modeling, People’s Friendship University of Russia ( bar@economist.rudn.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #21, 2011

The article is dedicated to the adaptive semantic model of the student’s training on economic-and-mathematical disciplines using information technology.


Intellectual semantic models for improvement in quality of educational and scientific research processes

Khrustalev Е.Y. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Professor, Senior Researcher, the Central Economic and Mathematical Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences ( stalev@cemi.rssi.ru )

Baranova N.М. candidate of pedagogical sciences, associate professor of chair of economic and mathematical simulation, Russian university of friendship of peoples ( bar@economist.rudn.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #35, 2013

In the article the results of the study of state and trends of development of the methods of constructing the semantic models, which make it possible to form and to use the intellectual information systems, which are intended for an improvement in the quality of educational processes and scientific studies are presented.


Some scenarios of innovation in Russia

Baranova N.M. PhD of Pedagogical Sciences , Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Mathematical Modeling, the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia ( nina.rudn@gmail.com )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #10, 2013

In the article various scenarios of development of Russian economy for the period till 2030 are presented. An economic consequence of the country enters into the World Trade Organization and the possible failures of European countries on raw materials of Russia are considered. It is noted that competitive advantage of Russia in economy development - its human potential. The state has to create conditions for work of professionals; differently the human capital will leave, having nullified innovative policy of the state.


Appraisal of municipal purpose-oriented programs aimed at small business support and development

Baranova I.V. associate professor, candidate of sciences in Economics, head of Finance and Credit department, Siberian Academy of Finance and Banking, Novosibirsk

Journal: Finance and credit, #25, 2009

In the article the importance of small business support under the financial crisis is considered; the system of indicators, characterising small business condition and development, efficiency of purpose-oriented programs for small business support is offered; also, calculation procedures to calculate an integral index of effectiveness of their realization are described. The fulfilment of purpose-oriented programs, aimed at small business support and development, in Novosibirsk within 2004-2007 is analysed, their efficiency being assessed.


Expert system of assessment for innovation and technological qualities of electronic educational resources

Larin S.N. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( larinsn@cemi.rssi.ru )

Malkov U.Kh. Central Economics and Mathematics Institute, RAS, Moscow, Russian Federation ( malkov@cemi.rssi.ru )

Baranova N.M. People's Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation ( bar@economist.rudn.ru )

Journal: National interests: priorities and security, #25, 2014

The article describes the problems of formation of evaluation expert system for innovation and technological qualities developed electronic educational resources (EER). The authors reveal the essence of expert evaluation of qualitative characteristics of EER; define the principal components of this procedure, the technological approaches and the main purpose of examination for assessing the EER. The paper discloses the content of selected components of an expert evaluation of qualitative characteristics of EER. The work points out that the results will be interesting as to teachers training with use of EER and their developers.


Waste management: formation of management mechanisms and tools

Dmitriev Yu.A. Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir, Russian Federation ( uadmitriev@gmail.com )

Baranova A.F. Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir, Russian Federation ( afbaranova@gmail.com )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Pactice, #36, 2015

Importance The article deals with the development of effective control mechanisms and instruments in the field of waste management in the Vladimir oblast, namely, the organizational-economic mechanism of creation of a unified system regional waste-management operator in the form of public-private partnership.
     Objectives The article aims to assess the status of the integrated regional system for waste management and identify problems and prospects.
     Methods The theoretical basis of the study includes the works of domestic and foreign scientists, regulatory and legal documents issued at the Federal and regional levels, as well as the annual reports of the Department of Natural Resources and Environment of the Vladimir oblast for 2007-2013. As well we used analysis and synthesis, methods of classification, grouping, and comparison of the dynamics and structure of the studied processes.
     Results We disclosed elements of the public-private partnership mechanism and justified the efficiency of interaction between State authorities with private entities with the aim of creating a single regional waste management operator. We assessed the organizational status and structure in the field of waste management in the Vladimir oblast. We show that, despite some positive trends in the oblast as a whole, the situation with the formation and management of solid municipal waste requires urgent measures for economic regulation, commercial promotion and adoption of management decisions.
     Conclusions and Relevance We conclude the sphere of waste handling in the Vladimir oblast needs to establish new forms of governance. We recommend the use of a common system approach to the treatment of solid domestic waste disposal.


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