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Industrial trajectory formation of the national economy's development to ensure the transition to a new technological level

Astaf'eva О.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( astafeva86@mail.ru )

Astaf'ev E.V. Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russian Federation ( astafiev82@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #5, 2016

Subject The article studies the processes conducive to innovative development of the national economy in terms of the backlog from the developed countries and the need to address the crisis phenomena.
Objectives The aim of the work is to develop an approach to providing the innovative development of economy based on formation of industrial trajectory by targeting key system settings.
Methods The provisions to surmount the crisis by the economic system through innovative development and changing the technological mode are a methodological basis of the work. As well, we used the methods of comparative analysis, theoretical modelling, induction, and synthesis and statistical methods.
Results We have analyzed the dynamics of development of the national economy by level of global competitiveness and innovation index, as well as in terms of high-tech products. All that confirmed the need for structural changes. We substantiated that the economic growth depends on the interrelated behavior of three main processes: resources, innovative development, and manufacturing process. We propose to designate the behavior as an industrial development path.
Conclusions and Relevance For the domestic economy, the organization of innovative process based on rational use of resources for the subsequent changes in production is very essential. To ensure the priority development strategy of the economy, it requires new industrialization on the basis of the proposed model of formation of a new pathway, which will assess the forces facilitating and impeding an economic growth. The provisions can be taken into account in shaping the strategy of advanced development through innovation in the country.


Studying the effect of institutional conditions on innovative development of economic systems

Astaf'eva O.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( astafeva86@mail.ru )

Journal: Financial Analytics: Science and Experience, #44, 2016

Importance The research examines institutional conditions that ensure innovative development of the national economy.
Objectives I study how the institutional environment influences the innovative development of the national economy, and identify means to ignite innovative processes by addressing key aspects of the system through development institutions.
Methods The methodological framework includes principles for ensuring the sustainable development of economic systems and examining the effect of the institutions on economic development. The research involves methods of generalization, comparative analysis, theoretical modeling, induction, decomposition.
Results I propose the classification of development institutions and systematization of constraints and drivers of institutional changes in economy to ignite innovative processes.
Conclusions and Relevance When innovative development destabilizes the economic system, it leads to crucial changes in the institutional environment, thus influencing the entire system. Currently, institutional regulation tools represent factors accelerating the innovative development of economic systems. The proposals herein can be considered for purposes of economic systems to formulate the strategy for activating the innovative activity in economy.


Specifics of management under contemporary technological mode change

Astaf'eva O.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( astafeva86@mail.ru )

Journal: Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice, #2, 2018

Subject The article investigates changes in business environment that are caused by the formation of a new technological mode and have impact on the construction of new models of organizational development and the work of managers.
Objectives The goal is to review specific features of transformational changes in the business environment and challenges that managers should address as digital economy develops.
Methods The methodology of the study draws on exploration of changes in the economy as the innovation environment evolves, and the analysis of currently observed trends related to the transition to a new stage of development. I apply methods of generalization, comparative analysis, theoretical modeling, induction, and decomposition.
Results The paper presents an organization’s competitive ability formation model that rests on requirements of the external environment. It also systematizes new challenges in the work of managers, which arise under new technological mode.
Conclusions To perform a better analysis of data and prediction of changes in the fast-paced global markets, it is important to develop and use business analytics and business process modeling in many economic sectors to support the work of organizations in real-time mode. The ideas of the paper may be useful for executives creating a strategy of their organization development.


Development of human resource capacity in the system of regional resource centers

Astaf'eva O.V. Financial University under Government of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russian Federation ( astafeva86@mail.ru )

Journal: National Interests: Priorities and Security, #9, 2016

Subject Interaction and management relations between the participants of educational process, generated through a network of regional resource centers in management training, are the subject of the research.
Objectives The article aims to develop organizational and managerial regulations on formation of a network system of regional resource centers to prepare human resources for the development of the national economy; develop a model of reproduction of staff capacity within the network of the learning process; elaborate an integration mechanism of interaction of the major participants in the educational process.
Methods Principles of systems analysis, abstract-logical and analytical research methods, as well as scientific generalizations were a methodical basis of the work.
Results We present a level-based model of human resource capacity reproduction in the system of regional resource centers, a mechanism of interaction of regional resource centers with educational space subjects, and the expanded responsibilities of regional resource centers in the field of personnel potential.
Conclusions and Relevance The results obtained contribute to understanding the role of the State in shaping the country's human capacity development, and approaches to the organization of the educational process for management training. Individual theoretical provisions of the article can be taken into account in the formulation of regional policies on the formation of human resources capacity.


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