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Problems and perspective directions of small business development in regions

Akhmeduev A.Sh. Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Dagestan Science Centre of RAS, Makhachkala, Russian Federation ( achmeduev@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #40, 2015

Importance The article considers the development of small and medium-sized businesses using a case study of the Republic of Dagestan.
     Objectives The paper aims to analyze the state of small business in the Republic of Dagestan, and substantiate the basic impediments to its development.
     Methods For the study, I used comparative, statistical, logical and system analyses.
     Results I analyzed the current problems of development of small business in the Republic of Dagestan, the basic factors of stagnant state of small business. I identified priority areas and the potential scale of development of small entrepreneurship in major industries and sectors of the economy in the region, and proposed practical measures for sectoral and territorial diversification of public infrastructure to support entrepreneurship and creation of a favorable business climate in the region.
     Conclusions and Relevance I conclude that the development of small and medium-sized enterprises in all economic sectors and municipalities will successfully solve strategic problems and will contribute to the improvement of the economy and living standards in the region.


Challenges and strategic priorities of socio-economic development of entities of the North Caucasian Federal District of Russia

Akhmeduev A.Sh. Institute of Socio-Economic Research, Dagestan Science Centre of RAS, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation ( achmeduev@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #34, 2015

Importance The article analyzes the socio-economic situation and defines long-term strategic priorities for sustainable development of the North Caucasian Federal District and its constituent entities.
     Objectives The article aims to assess the state of the economy and social sphere of the subjects of the North Caucasian Federal District, define key factors of the development backlog on major macroeconomic indicators of the country's average level, as well as the rationale for the strategic goals and priorities to overcome the crisis in the real economy.
     Methods For the study, I used comparative, statistical, logical and systematic kinds of analyses.
     Results I have identified the main causes of underdevelopment and crisis in the basic industries and justified the priority directions of the long-term socio-economic development and overcoming the chronic backlog.
     Conclusions and Relevance Chronic backlog of the entities' development in the North Caucasian Federal District is the consequence of missing of public policy of territorial distribution of productive forces and the orientation of investment policies for the operation of easily accessible natural resources, rather than the development and utilization of human capital. I recommend adjusting and updating the strategy for socio-economic development of the North Caucasian Federal District until 2025 and long-term strategy of the constituent entities, and refocusing the regional economic and the investment policy of the State on a balanced spatial distribution of productive forces, improving the quality of life of the population, development and the effective use of human capital.


Problems of development and imperatives of reforming the health care in Russia and its regions

Akhmeduev A.Sh. Institute of Social and Economic Research of Dagestan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences, Makhachkala, Republic of Dagestan, Russian Federation ( achmeduev@mail.ru )

Journal: Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, #5, 2018

Importance The article analyzes and assesses the present state of health care in Russia and its regions, discloses pending problems and underpins perspective directions of its reform, modernization and development.
Objectives The aim is to perform a comprehensive research of the health care of Russia and compare it with foreign countries, define challenges, and justify the main areas of radical reform of its organizational and economic system.
Methods The study draws on methods of logical and comparative statistical analysis.
Results Recently, positive changes in indicators of health care development, health condition and life expectancy of the population have been observed in Russia. However, in terms of key performance indicators, the health care of Russia significantly lags behind developed countries. Further breakthrough development, radical reform and modernization of public health services should be viewed as major conditions to overcome a demographic crisis.
Conclusions To raise the health care in Russia and its regions to the world standards, it is necessary to review the State program of the Russian Federation for health care development, study and use the best practices, provide for effective State regulation, reorient to comprehensive diagnostics, prevention and treatment of diseases at early stages. A burning issue is to improve the training and professional development of healthcare personnel. The paper defines areas of updating the remuneration system in the sector.


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