Importance This article discusses the issues of rural-type municipalities that are an integral part of the economic space of the Russian Federation and the target of research in line with the provisions of the spatial theories. Objectives The article aims to systematize the relevant provisions of the rural economics and provide a characteristic of the study object based on the rural dimension. As well, it aims to specify the differences between the rural and agrarian economics, identify criteria for the rural area, and analyze its functions and factors that make it specific. Methods For the study, we used the comparative method of analysis. Results Based on the analysis performed, the article presents a definition of rural-type municipality within the framework of the rural economics. The study finds that at the post-industrial stage of the development of society, rural-type municipalities are notable for multiple functionalities, which are manifested in various aspects. Conclusions The article describes rural-type municipalities as inhabited rural areas with rural specific characteristics, performing a variety of functions in the national economy.
Keywords: municipal district, rural settlement, agricultural economics
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