Importance The paper discusses the issues of achieving food balance in the regions of the Russian Federation while implementing the adopted Concept of food import substitution to counter the Western countries' sanctions against Russia. Objectives We aim to study, specify and sum up foreign and Russian best practices in achieving a regional balance of food security, and develop and rationalize our own methodology in this area. Methods For the study, we used the ABC and XYZ-analyses, a systems approach, deduction, induction, analysis and synthesis techniques. Results As a result, we propose a rationale for a methodology for assessing the balance of food security in the region, including differentiation of the territory into individual local food systems, followed by a review of each of them on food self-sufficiency criteria. In the light of the world's major regional development theories, we propose our own approach to the formation of local food systems, involving the concentration of the production, processing, and distribution infrastructures of agro-industrial complex in the immediate vicinity of large urban entities. Conclusions and Relevance We conclude that the proposed mechanism unifies the methodological approaches to determining the level of food balance in the regions, and it takes into account the impact on the spatial and economic development of specific territories. Our recommendations and conclusions can be used by the regional agribusiness management apparatus to identify rational logistics routes for the delivery of agricultural commodities to specific locations in the region for processing, as well as total intraregional food flows.
Keywords: balance, food supply, local system, transportation costs
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