Regional Economics: Theory and Practice
 

Depopulation of rural residents in the Tambov oblast: A statistical analysis of trends

Vol. 15, Iss. 8, AUGUST 2017

Received: 21 February 2017

Received in revised form: 6 March 2017

Accepted: 28 March 2017

Available online: 15 August 2017

Subject Heading: POPULATION AND DEMOGRAPHY

JEL Classification: J11, J21, J31, J43, O18

Pages: 1565–1579

https://doi.org/10.24891/re.15.8.1565

Popova G.L. Tambov State Technical University, Tambov, Russian Federation galina2011.popova@yandex.ru

Subject The article addresses demographic processes associated with the rising median age, declining working-age of rural population and intensification of migration processes.
Objectives The aim of the study is to analyze the trends in the rural population of the Tambov oblast and its structure, identify adverse factors affecting the number of rural dwellers.
Methods The study draws on methods of systems analysis, statistical methods, like coefficient and structural analysis, dynamics analysis, graphical and regression analysis. The analysis rests on statistical data for the period from 1990 to 2015.
Results The paper investigates the trends in the rural population, the impact of population growth and migratory movement on the number of people living in rural areas, and the condition of the labor market. It presents a comparative analysis of indicators characterizing the movement of urban and rural population and explores the key factors impacting these figures.
Conclusions and Relevance In 2015, the Tambov oblast faced active processes of rural population decline. It is possible to stop the negative trends through improving the living standards, including by increasing the remuneration and solving the employment problems. Diversification of economic activities will enable to create additional employment.

Keywords: rural population, population growth, human migration, model, Tambov oblast

References:

  1. Novoselov Yu.A., Novoselova E.A. Razvitie sel'skikh territorii v Rossii: demograficheskie problemy. V kn.: Dni nauki-2014: sbornik trudov V nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem [Developing the rural areas in Russia: Demographic problems. In: Days of Science-2014: collected works of 5th International Scientific Conference]. Novosibirsk, Siberian University of Consumer Cooperation Publ., 2014, pp. 66–74.
  2. Tsybul'skaya Yu.O., Krupin V.E. [Cross-border labor migration of rural population: Specifics and solutions]. Visnyk economichnoi nauky Ukrainy, 2014, no. 3, pp. 139–143. (In Russ.)
  3. Sharifov Sh.D., Abdulloeva A.T. [Some Reasons for Rural Population's Labor Migration]. Vestnik Tadzhikskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta prava, biznesa i politiki. Seriya obshchestvennyekh nauk = Bulletin of TSULBP. Series: Social Sciences, 2012, no. 3, pp. 122–127. (In Russ.)
  4. Sharipov I.N. [Migration of rural population in Belarus]. Ekonomika sel'skogo khozyaistva. Referativnyi zhurnal = Economy of Agriculture. Abstract Journal, 2008, no. 4, p. 941. (In Russ.)
  5. Kasymbekov B.K., Raimzhanov B.M., Kasymbekova L.B. [International statistics. Efficiency of services development in the agriculture of the Kyrgyz Republic: A statistical analysis]. Voprosy Statistiki, 2016, no. 12, pp. 53–58. (In Russ.)
  6. Epifanova E.V. [Marginalization of rural population and labor migration in Eurasia]. Sovremennye evraziiskie issledovaniya = Contemporary Eurasian Studies, 2015, vol. 1, pp. 92–97. (In Russ.)
  7. Chekh K.Yu. [Migration of rural population of the Penza oblast as a reflection of the labor market imbalance]. Institutsional'nye preobrazovaniya agropromyshlennogo kompleksa i upravlenie ekonomicheskimi sistemami: materialy mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Proc. Int. Sci. Conf. Institutional Transformations of Agro-industrial Complex and Economic Systems Management]. Penza, PSTU Publ., 2016, pp. 26–30.
  8. Chudilin G.I., Samokhvalov R.P. [Statistical assessment of the impact of rural population's life quality on the migration of working-age population]. Voprosy Statistiki, 2009, no. 6, pp. 58–67. (In Russ.)
  9. Guchetl' R.G., Tetushkin V.A. [Analysis of the quality of life of the population, labour and employment in the economy in the agricultural region (on example of Tambov region)]. Agroprodovol'stvennaya ekonomika, 2015, no. 6. (In Russ.) URL: http://apej.ru/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/apej_September.pdf
  10. Malakhov A.V., Borisov A.A., Aseeva A.A., Malakhova S.V. [Intraregional migration as an indicator of rural population's life quality]. Vestnik Kurskoi gosudarstvennoi sel'skokhozyaistvennoi akademii = Vestnik of Kursk State Agricultural Academy, 2015, no. 8, pp. 44–48. (In Russ.)
  11. Kurkina M.P. Vosproizvodstvo naseleniya i kachestvo zhizni sel'skikh territorii. V kn.: Sborniki konferentsii NITs Sotsiosfera [Reproduction of population and life quality of rural areas. In: Collected book of conferences of Sociosphere Scientific and publishing center]. Prague, Vedecko vydavatelske centrum Sociosfera-CZ s.r.o., 2012, pp. 65–69.
  12. Shul'pina E.E. [Distinctions in the quality of life of city and agricultural population (on the example of Kurgan area)]. Trud i sotsial'nye otnosheniya = Labor and Social Relations, 2009, no. 9, pp. 103–107. (In Russ.)
  13. Ibragimov M.-R. A. [Actual problems of modern demography of Daghestan]. Vestnik Dagestanskogo nauchnogo tsentra = Herald of Daghestan Scientific Center, 2014, no. 52, pp. 90–95. (In Russ.)
  14. Murav'eva M.V. [Russian rural demography as a factor of stable social and economic development]. Agrarnyi nauchnyi zhurnal = Agrarian Scientific Journal, 2011, no. 11, pp. 71–75. (In Russ.)
  15. Bakumenko L.P., Kostromina E.V. [Demographic and economic processes in the region]. Sistemnoe upravlenie, 2016, no. 2. (In Russ.) URL: http://sisupr.mrsu.ru/2016-2/PDF/Bakumenko.pdf
  16. Zlobina N.V., Bakumenko E.M. [Analysis of Interaction and Interdependence of Sustainable Development and Quality Management]. Voprosy sovremennoi nauki i praktiki. Universitet im. V.I. Vernadskogo = Problems of Contemporary Science and Practice. Vernadsky University, 2013, no. 3, pp. 208–213. (In Russ.)
  17. Mikhilev A.V., Kharina N.L. [Development of rural territories as an instrument to manage the quality of life of the Russian population]. Vestnik Kurskoi gosudarstvennoi sel'skokhozyaistvennoi akademii = Vestnik of Kursk State Agricultural Academy, 2014, no. 7, pp. 27–29. (In Russ.)
  18. Tret'yakova L.A., Lavrikova N.I. [Life quality of the population as an indicator of sustainable development of rural areas]. Ekonomika regiona = Economy of Region, 2012, no. 3, pp. 227–233. (In Russ.)
  19. Abdukarimov V.I., Gerasimov B.I., Sizikin A.Yu. [Economic analysis of regional aspects of management of the populations quality of life]. Vestnik Tambovskogo universiteta. Ser. Gumanitarnye nauki = Tambov University Review. Series: Humanities, 2008, no. 2, pp. 143–147. (In Russ.)
  20. Zimina A.A., Strekalova S.A. Statistika naseleniya Kemerovskoi oblasti. V kn.: Prioritetnye napravleniya razvitiya nauki i obrazovaniya [Population statistics of the Kemerovo oblast. In: Priority areas of science and education development: Proceedings of the 7th International Scientific Conference]. Cheboksary, TsNS Interaktiv plyus Publ., 2015, no. 4, pp. 303–304. URL: https://interactive-plus.ru/ru/article/13817/discussion_platform
  21. Tomaska A.G. [Migration of rural population of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic: A strategy for socio-economic adaptation]. Severo-Vostochnyi gumanitarnyi vestnik = North-Eastern Journal of Humanities, 2014, no. 2, pp. 59–62. (In Russ.)
  22. Martynov K.P. [Demographic situation in rural areas of the Republic of Mordovia and measures for its improvement]. Vestnik Mordovskogo universiteta = Mordovia State University Bulletin, 2014, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 137–145. (In Russ.)
  23. Danielyan M.G., Izvekova T.A. [Specifics of demographic situation in the Kursk oblast]. Regional'nyi vestnik, 2016, no. 1, pp. 19–21. (In Russ.)
  24. Tsykunov G.A. Demograficheskie protsessy v Irkutskoi oblasti v 1990–2000-e gody. V kn.: Irkutskii istoriko-ekonomicheskii ezhegodnik: 2016 [Demographic processes in the Irkutsk oblast, 1990–2000. In: Irkutsk Historical and Economic Yearbook: 2016]. Irkutsk, Baikal State University Publ., 2016, pp. 475–481.
  25. Shabalina Yu.N. [Topical issues of improving the demographic situation in the Russian Federation: Evidence from the Voronezh oblast]. Perspektivy nauki i obrazovaniya, 2015, no. 1, pp. 157–160. (In Russ.) URL: https://pnojournal.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/pdf_150126.pdf
  26. Gladkova V., Zharikov R. [On demographic situation in some municipalities of Russia]. Samoupravlenie, 2015, no. 11, pp. 32–34. (In Russ.)
  27. Lelyakova S.O., Cheremisina T.N. [About the demographic situation of the Tambov region in statistics figures]. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie yavleniya i protsessy = Social-Economic Phenomena and Processes, 2013, no. 12, pp. 77–82. (In Russ.)
  28. Artyunina G.P., Zinov'eva E.I. [Pskov city population’s attitude towards personal safety, city environment and their health]. Pskovskii regionologicheskii zhurnal, 2012, no. 14, pp. 112–119. (In Russ.)
  29. Galustov K.A. [Spatiotemporal models of the influence of environmental and eco-cultural protest on the use of urban space at the example of Leningrad – St. Petersburg]. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo universiteta. Ser. 7. Geologiya. Geografiya = Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University. Ser. 7. Geology. Geography, 2016, no. 3, pp. 163–176. URL: http://vestnik.spbu.ru/html16/s07/s07v3/13.pdf (In Russ.) doi: 10.21638/11701/spbu07.2016.313
  30. Larionov G.V., Mel'nikov O.N., Fal'ko S.G., Mkrtchyan S.S. Ekologicheskii menedzhment: prirodopol'zovanie i ekologiya promyshlennykh gorodov: monografiya [Environmental management: Natural resource use and ecology of industrial cities: a monograph]. Moscow, Biblio-Globus Publ., 2014, 144 p.
  31. Sulimin V.V. [Social aspects of the vital interests of big city people, 'Yekaterinburg – safe city']. Agrarnyi vestnik Urala = Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, 2011, no. 9, pp. 73–74. (In Russ.)
  32. Sizykh E.A. [Determinants of crime in the sphere of dwelling-communal sector in Russian cities]. Aktual'nye problemy ekonomiki i prava = Actual Problems of Economics and Law, 2016, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 236–246. (In Russ.)
  33. Ustyugova E.N. [From city ecology to human ecology]. Vestnik Leningradskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. A.S. Pushkina = Vestnik of Pushkin Leningrad State University, 2013, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 97–107. (In Russ.)
  34. Mkrtchyan N.V., Florinskaya Yu.F. [Socio-economic effects of labor migration from small towns of Russia]. Voprosy Economiki, 2016, no. 4, pp. 103–123. (In Russ.)
  35. Trofimova V.I. [Rural employment and development of alternative occupations in rural areas]. Nauchnoe obozrenie: teoriya i praktika = Science Review: Theory and Practice, 2016, no. 5, pp. 35–44. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue

 

ISSN 2311-8733 (Online)
ISSN 2073-1477 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 15, Iss. 11
November 2017

Archive