Regional Economics: Theory and Practice
 

Profile of disability: Demographic and regional aspects

Vol. 14, Iss. 11, NOVEMBER 2016

Received: 22 March 2016

Received in revised form: 4 April 2016

Accepted: 13 April 2016

Available online: 17 November 2016

Subject Heading: SOCIOECONOMIC POLICY

JEL Classification: J11, J14, J18

Pages: 103-119

Kulagina E.V. Institute of Social and Economic Studies of Population of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
lkulagina@yandex.ru

Importance The article discusses the factors of disability, which refer to the actual task of public administration improvement of the Russian social policy in accordance with the requirements of the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
Objectives The paper aims to justify differential treatment of persons with disabilities of various demographic profile that most fully takes into account their resource potential, as well as the specifics of distribution according to the subjects of the Russian Federation.
Methods To analyze the various statistical data of various domestic and international organizations and funds, I used a statistical method of analysis.
Results I studied the international experience in social policy development, approaches to the identification and study of disability, and considered disability factors and their dynamics. I developed and now present a typology of regions, through which I studied the correlation of the level of disablement, general and primary, and demographic factors: the age structure of the population, life expectancy, mortality in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Also, I determine the causes of regional disparities in the level and age structure of disablement.
Conclusions and Relevance I stress the necessity of introducing differentiated social policies to different categories of persons with disabilities, adapted to the inequality in the distribution of disability by sex, age and groups, as well as regional imbalances of factors of disability. The results of this research can be used to enhance the effectiveness of public administration at the Federal and regional levels, including the Accessibility National program and interdepartmental plans of the Presidential Commission of the Russian Federation for People with Disabilities.

Keywords: social policy, disability, demographic factors, regional aspects, disabled people

References:

  1. Haveman R., Wolfe B. Chapter 18. The Economics of Disability and Disability Policy. Handbook of Health Economics, 2000, vol. 1, part B, pp. 995–1051. doi: 10.1016/S1574-0064(00)80031-1
  2. Jenkins S.P., Rigg J.A. Disability and Disadvantage: Selection, Onset, and Duration Effects. Journal of Social Policy, 2004, vol. 33, pp. 479–501. doi: 10.1017/S0047279404007780
  3. Kemp P.A., Sunden A., Tauritz B.B. Sick Societies?: Trends in Disability Benefits in Postindustrial Welfare States. Geneva, Int. Social Security Association, 2006, 239 p.
  4. Modernizing and Activating Measures Relating to Work Incapacity. Peer Review in Social Protection and Social Inclusion. European Commission Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities. Madrid, 2010.
  5. Chirikos T.N. Aggregate Economic Losses from Disability in the United States: A Preliminary Assay. The Milbank Quarterly, 1989, vol. 67, pp. 59–91. doi: 10.2307/3350236
  6. Levy Jes. M. Demographic Factors in the Disability Determination Process: A Logistic Approach. Social Security Bulletin, 1980, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 11–16.
  7. Cats-Baril W.L., Frymoyer J.W. Demographic Factors Associated with Prevalence of Disability. Social Security Bulletin, 1991, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 671–674. doi: 10.1097/00007632-199106000-00019
  8. Rupp K. Factors Affecting Initial Disability Allowance Rates for the Disability Insurance and Supplemental Security Income Programs: The Role of the Demographic and Diagnostic Composition of Applicants and Local Labor Market Conditions. Social Security Bulletin, 2012, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 11–35.
  9. Baumberg B., Jones M., Wass V. Disability Prevalence and Disability-Related Employment Gaps in the UK 1998–2012: Different trends in different surveys? Social Science & Medicine, 2015, vol. 141, pp. 72–81. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.07.012
  10. Seak-Hy Lo, Ville Is. The “Employability” of Disabled People in France: A labile and speculative notion to be tested against the empirical data from the 2008 “Handicap-Santé” study. ALTER – European Journal of Disability Research, 2013, vol. 7, iss. 4, pp. 227–243. doi: 10.1016/j.alter.2013.09.007
  11. Brault M. Americans with Disabilities: 2005. Current Population Reports. Washington, US Census Bureau, 2008, pp. 70–117.
  12. Osadchikh A.I., Puzin S.N., Lavrova D.I. et al. Problemy invalidnosti v Rossii. Sostoyanie i perspektivy [Disability issues in Russia. The state and the prospects]. Moscow, Meditsina Publ., 2002, 368 p.
  13. Maleva T.M., Vasin S.A., Golodets O.Yu., Besfamil'naya S.V. Invalidy v Rossii: prichiny i dinamika invalidnosti, protivorechiya i perspektivy sotsial'noi politiki. Byuro ekonomicheskogo analiza [People with disabilities in Russia: causes and the dynamics of disability, contradictions and prospects of social policy. The Bureau of economic analysis]. Moscow, ROSSPEN Publ., 1999, 368 p.
  14. Antonyuk V.V., Zemlyanova E.V., Ivanova A.E., Kalininskaya A.A. Sotsial'no-ekonomicheskie aspekty invalidnosti: monografiya [Socio-economic aspects of disablement: a monograph]. Moscow, RIO TSNIIOIZ Publ., 2006, 136 p.
  15. Burchardt T. The Dynamics of Being Disabled. Journal of Social Policy, 2000, vol. 29, no. 4, pp. 645–668.
  16. Boer W.E.L. de, Brenninkmeijer V., Zuidam W. Long-term Disability Arrangements: A comparative study of assessment and quality control. TNO Work and Employment, Netherlands, 2004, 21 p.
  17. Rimashevskaya N.M., Bochkareva V.K., Migranova L.A., Molchanova E.V., Toksanbaeva M.S. [Health of the population]. Narodonaselenie = Population, 2013, no. 3, pp. 104–113. (In Russ.)
  18. Kislitsyna O.A. Zdorov'e naseleniya i zdravookhranenie. V kn.: Narodonaselenie sovremennoi Rossii: riski i vozmozhnosti: kollektivnaya monografiya [Health and health care. In: Population of modern Russia: risks and opportunities: a monograph]. Moscow, Ekonomicheskoe obrazovanie Publ., 2013, pp. 131–191.
  19. Einerhand M., Swart E. Reform of the Dutch Sickness and Disability Arrangements. Peer Review in Social Protection and Social Inclusion. Madrid, 2010.
  20. Bound J., Burkhauser R.V. Economic Analysis of Transfer Programs Targeted on People with Disabilities. Handbook of Labor Economics, 1999, vol. 3, part C, pp. 3417–3528.

View all articles of issue

 

ISSN 2311-8733 (Online)
ISSN 2073-1477 (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 16, Iss. 8
August 2018

Archive