Importance The article analyzes the social policy in welfare States and Russia, which have adopted the concept of independent life and inclusion of disabled people. Objectives I demonstrate the outcome of policies for expanding disabled people's opportunities and removing respective barriers in the Third Way countries that revise social support programs and tasks of public administration. Methods The article analyzes the 2001–2016 statistical data and research results in the OECD and EU member States, statistical data of the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation (2010–2017) and the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation (2004–2015), as well as materials of the Federal Program, Accessible Environment 2011–2020. Results Iset up priorities of social reforms, analyze regulation instruments in the systems of social welfare and education for disabled people, including the classification of differences to sharpen criteria and raise personal independence as much as possible. I determine factors of inclusion transformation in the OECD and EU member countries. Priorities of the Russian social welfare policy are analyzed. I examine management tools based on ready-made solutions. Conclusions and Relevance It is necessary to suppress market reforms in administration and elevate the responsibility of the State for welfare of disabled people. Development priorities shall guide the transition to independent life and inclusion in line with the national interests and socio-economic contexts.
Keywords: disability, welfare policy, disabled people, inclusive education, disabled children
Kulagina E.V. [Profile of disability: Demographic and regional aspects]. Regional'naya ekonomika: teoriya i praktika = Regional Economics: Theory and Practice, 2016, no. 11, pp. 103–119. (In Russ.)
Oliver M., Barnes C. The New Politics of Disablement. Basingstoke, UK, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012, 229 p.
Dwyer P. Creeping Conditionality in the UK: From Welfare Rights to Conditional Entitlements? The Canadian Journal of Sociology, 2004, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 265–287. URL: https://doi.org/10.2307/3654696
Chirikos T.N. Aggregate Economic Losses from Disability in the United States: A Preliminary Assay. The Milbank Quarterly, 1989, vol. 67, supplement 2-1, pp. 59–91. URL: https://doi.org/10.2307/3350236
Kemp P.A., Sunden A., Tauritz B.B. Sick Societies?: Trends in Disability Benefits in Postindustrial Welfare States. Geneva, International Social Security Association, 2006, 241 p.
Arnesen A.-L., Lundahl L. Still Social and Democratic? Inclusive Education Policies in the Nordic Welfare States. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2006, vol. 50, iss. 3, pp. 285–300. URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/00313830600743316
Tsokova D., Becirevic M. Inclusive Education in Bulgaria and Bosnia and Herzegovina: Policy and Practice. European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2009, vol. 24, iss. 4, pp. 393–406. URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/08856250903223062
Pijl S.J., Frostad P., Flem A. The Social Position of Pupils with Special Needs in Regular Schools. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2008, vol. 52, iss. 4, pp. 387–405. URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/00313830802184558
Hess F., Brigham F. How Federal Special Education Policy Affects Schooling in Virginia. In: Rethinking Special Education for a New Century. Washington, DC, Progressive Policy Institute & Thomas Fordham Foundation, 2001, 161 p.
Johannesson I.A., Lindblad S., Simola H. An Inevitable Progress? Educational Restructuring in Finland, Iceland and Sweden at the Turn of the Millennium. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2002, vol. 46, iss. 3, pp. 325–339. URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/0031383022000005706
Florian L., Hollenweger J., Simeonsson R.J. et al. Cross-Cultural Perspectives on the Classification of Children With Disabilities: Part I. Issues in the Classification of Children With Disabilities. The Journal of Special Education, 2006, vol. 40, iss. 1, pp. 36–45. URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/00224669060400010401
Somersalo Н., Solantaus Т. Economic Recession and Inequality in Education: Children Needing Special Services in Focus. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2001, vol. 45, iss. 3, pp. 233–248. URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/00313830120074187
Horn W.F., Tynan D. Time to Make Special Education “Special” Again. In: Rethinking Special Education for a New Century. Washington, DC, Progressive Policy Institute & Thomas Fordham Foundation, 2001, p. 23.
McFarland J., Hussar B., de Brey C. et al. The Condition of Education 2017 (NCES 2017–144). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC, National Center for Education Statistics, 2017, 110 p.
Drudy S., Kinsella W. Developing an Inclusive System in Rapidly Changing European Society. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 2009, vol. 13, iss. 6, pp. 647–663. URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/13603110802106170
West A., Allmendinger J., Nikolai R., Barham E. Decentralisation and Educational Achievement in Germany and the UK. Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, 2010, vol. 28, iss. 3, pp. 450–468. URL: https://doi.org/10.1068/c0992
Aron L., Loprest P. Disability and the Education System. TheFuture of Children, 2012, vol. 22, iss. 1, pp. 97–122. doi: 10.2307/41475648
Berman S., Davis P., Koufman-Frederick A., Urion D. The Rising Costs of Special Education in Massachusetts: Causes and Effects. In: Rethinking Special Education for a New Century. Washington, DC, Progressive Policy Institute & Thomas Fordham Foundation, 2001, pp. 183–211.
McLeskey J., Hoppey D., Williamson P., Rentz T. Is Inclusion an Illusion? An Examination of National and State Trends Toward the Education of Students with Learning Disabilities in General Education Classrooms. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2004, vol. 19, iss. 2, pp. 109–115. URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-5826.2004.00094.x
McLeskey J., Landers E., Williamson P., Hoppey D. Are We Moving toward Educating Students with Disabilities in Less Restrictive Settings? The Journal of Special Education, 2012, vol. 46, iss. 3, pp. 131–140. URL: https://doi.org/10.1177/0022466910376670
Kulagina E.V. Obrazovanie detei-invalidov i detei s ogranichennymi vozmozhnostyami zdorov'ya: sotsial'no-ekonomicheskii aspekt: monografiya [Education of disabled children and children with disabilities: Socio-economic perspectives: a monograph]. Moscow, Delovye i yuridicheskie uslugi LeksPraksis Publ., 2014, 206 p.
Аndrosova N.V., Vasil'eva T.N., Donskaya M.V. et al. [Arranging for psychological and pedagogical commissions' activities in the Astrakhan oblast]. Deyatel'nost' psikhologo-mediko-pedagogicheskikh komissii v sovremennykh usloviyakh razvitiya obrazovaniya: materialy Vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii [Proc. Sci. Conf. Activities of Commissions for Psychological, Medical and Pedagogical Issues and the Existing Conditions for the Development of Education]. Novosibirsk, Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University Publ., 2015, pp. 141–148.