Importance The article examines key aspects of energy security as the fundamental element of the total security. The research focuses on the energy security and views it as a component of the overall and national security during the geopolitical and civilizational confrontation. Objectives We examine key approaches to defining the energy security, identifying basic models of energy security and the most significant threats amid the geopolitical confrontation. Methods The research relies upon methods of historic and logic unity and specific political cases (event analysis, case study, expert assessment method). Results Studying the existing concepts of the energy market and approaches to review it, we formulate theoretical principles and applied aspects for its diversification during the geopolitical confrontation of the civilizations. We determine that Russia shall prioritize basic vectors in its foreign policy and trade through the equal interaction with certain countries or their regional unions and through international agreements and organizations. Conclusions and Relevance Considering the very tough geopolitical confrontation, the economic efficiency, national sovereignty and defense directly depend on the energy security. That is why the energy sector should be totally controlled by the State, for the transfer of control in this strategic area may derail the national security entirely. The findings can be used to prepare general and special academic courses on global and domestic economics, energy resources and energy consumption, conduct political researches and support activities of governmental authorities.
Keywords: energy security, geopolitical confrontation, national security, energy resources, economic security
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