Importance The research focuses on socio-economic relations with respect to curbing the population decline. The socio-economic relations are identified through a set of factors (conditions) driving the life of the population dwelling within a certain territory. Objectives Based on a comprehensive evaluation of the environment the population lives in, I devise methodological tools to identify the existing level of the nation preservation. The research examines geographically organized socio-economic systems. Methods The methodological underpinning comprises methods of systems analysis, correlation and regression analysis, panel data methods, PATTERN-method. Results The article illustrates how originated and evolved the concept of the nation preservation. I determine areas for the concept transformation, from interpretation of the nation preservation from demographic perspectives towards studying of population growth conditions. The article systematizes approaches to studying the issues of curbing the population decline. I propose my method to quantify and identify the level of saved population using the integral index. Illustrating the regions in the Volga Federal District, I test the proposed toolkit and ranked the regions by their preparedness for curbing the population decline. I find challenging aspects of the regions as the basis for making local managerial decisions. Conclusions and Relevance Integral indices reflect how currently the regions tackle the issue of nation preservation. They can be used as the information and analytical basis for managerial decision making, increasing the level and quality of managing geographically organized socio-economic systems.
Keywords: nation preservation, methodological tool, integral index, population decline
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