Importance The article deals with the issues of healthcare as part of the social infrastructure. Objectives The paper aims to assess the state of healthcare in rural areas and justify the priorities of improving the existing healthcare system. Methods For the study, we used the methods of statistical and economic analysis, as well as SWOT analysis. Results The results of the study show a low availability of doctors, junior and medium-level medical personnel, hospital beds to rural residents, as well as insufficient material and technical base in the healthcare industry. Most subjects of Central Russia do not meet the social security standards to provide the rural population with good health services. Conclusions An asymmetry of rates of urban and rural health services still remains in the subjects of Central Russia, as well as the impossibility of ensuring the equal access and quality of care for all categories of the population. However, the effective use of targeted programs at various levels, engaging highly qualified medical personnel in rural areas, the formation of medical and social services can improve the situation greatly.
Keywords: rural areas, health services, security, population
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