Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice
 

The working poor in the USA

Vol. 17, Iss. 5, MAY 2018

Received: 30 January 2018

Received in revised form: 14 February 2018

Accepted: 13 March 2018

Available online: 29 May 2018

Subject Heading: ANALYSIS OF HUMAN CAPITAL

JEL Classification: I32, O51

Pages: 919-928

https://doi.org/10.24891/ea.17.5.919

Petrovskaya N.E. Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
vitern@mail.ru

ORCID id: not available

Importance The article reviews the trends in the spread of poverty among the working population, identifies the most vulnerable groups of workers, whose income is below the poverty line.
Objectives The aim is to analyze factors making the workers poor and identify risks of incidence of poverty among the working population.
Methods The study employs the systems approach, historical, economic-statistical methods, and comparative analysis.
Results The study of the number and proportion of workers with income below the poverty line shows significant differences between these indicators among partially and fully employed, depending on the level of education, race and ethnic group. Those who do not have general and special education, black and Hispanic Americans, families with children headed by women are the most vulnerable.
Conclusions As the findings show, the low level of education is one of the main factors of poverty. The American experience demonstrates the importance of government support to training and educational programs. Achieving higher levels of education reduces the incidence of poverty, but families with children need assistance anyway.

Keywords: working poor, employment, poverty

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