Economic Analysis: Theory and Practice
 

Specifics of socio-economic inequality in Russian cities

Vol. 16, Iss. 5, MAY 2017

PDF  Article PDF Version

Received: 23 March 2017

Received in revised form: 10 April 2017

Accepted: 20 April 2017

Available online: 29 May 2017

Subject Heading: MATHEMATICAL METHODS AND MODELS

JEL Classification: R13

Pages: 960-970

https://doi.org/10.24891/ea.16.5.960

Manaeva I.V. Belgorod National Research University, Belgorod, Russian Federation
in.manaeva@yandex.ru

Importance Placement of productive forces in the space at the present stage is a subject of active research. It is determined by the growing differentiation of socio-economic status of cities.
Objectives The study aims to explore the dynamics of inequality of Russian cities within federal districts and the entire country, to confirm or refute the hypothesis about dependence of average monthly salary in cities on the level of urbanization in the region.
Methods In the study, I employ the Zipf law, Gini coefficient, and comparative analysis. To test the hypothesis, I use the least square method.
Results The Ural Federal District is a leader in terms of the rate of urban population growth (2003–2014), intensive depopulation is observed in the Far Eastern Federal District. The growth of urban inequality in terms of population in 2004–2014 is revealed in the Northwestern, Ural and Siberian Federal district. The Central Federal District demonstrates the growth of urban inequality in terms of the volume of own production of goods and services, investment in fixed capital, and density of population.
Conclusions In Russia, capital and major cities attract the population of regions. High values of certain indicators and the growth of urban inequality are observed in the Central Federal District. The findings may be useful for creating the methodological tools to design mechanisms of smoothing the interregional disparities, programs for socio-economic development of cities.

Keywords: city, inequality, estimation

References:

  1. Palivos T., Wang P. Spatial Agglomeration and Endogenous Growth. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 1996, vol. 26, iss. 6, pp. 645–669. doi: 10.1016/S0166-0462(96)02139-4
  2. Behrens K., Robert-Nicoud F. Survival of the Fittest in Cities: Urbanisation and Inequality. Available at: https://www.unige.ch/gsem/iee/files/5913/9574/8568/13074.pdf
  3. Duranton G., Puga D. Micro-foundations of Urban Agglomeration Economies. In: Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics. Elsevier, 2004, pp. 2063–2117.
  4. Ciccone A., Hall R. Productivity and the Density of Economic Activity. NBER Working Paper, 1993, no. 4313. doi: 10.3386/w4313
  5. Anas A. Vanishing Cities: What Does the New Economic Geography Imply about the Efficiency of Urbanization. Journal of Economic Geography, 2004, vol. 4(2), pp. 181–199. doi: 10.1093/jeg/4.2.181
  6. Dobkins L.H., Ioannides Y.M. Spatial Interactions Among U.S. Cities. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2001, vol. 31, iss. 6, pp. 701–731. doi: 10.1016/S0166-0462(01)00067-9
  7. Allison P.D. Measures of Inequality. American Sociological Review, 1978, vol. 43, iss. 6, pp. 865–880.
  8. Rey S.J., Smith R. A Spatial Decomposition of the Gini Coefficient. Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, 2013, vol. 6, iss. 2, pp. 55–70. doi: 10.1007/s12076-012-0086-z
  9. Shorrocks A., Wan G. Spatial Decomposition of Inequality. UNU-WIDER Discussion Papers, 2004, no. 2004/01.
  10. Rosen K.T., Resnick M. The Size Distribution of Cities: An Examination of the Pareto Law and Primacy. Journal of Urban Economics, 1980, vol. 8, pp. 165–186. doi: 10.1016/0094-1190(80)90043-1
  11. Xu Z., Harriss R. A Spatial and Temporal Autocorrelated Growth Model for City Rank–Size Distribution. Urban Studies, 2010, vol. 47, iss. 2, pp. 321–335.
  12. Mansury Y., Gulyas L. The Emergence of Zipf's Law in a System of Cities: An Agent-Based Simulation Approach. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 2007, vol. 31, iss. 7, pp. 2438–2460. doi: 10.1016/j.jedc.2006.08.002
  13. Balash O.S. [Modeling the rate of population growth in Russian cities: A spatial aspect]. Ekonomika, statistika i informatika. Vestnik UMO = Economics, Statistics and Informatics. UMO Bulletin, 2013, no. 6, pp. 142–146. (In Russ.)
  14. Bufetova A.N. [Uneven spatial development: Regional centers and regional periphery]. Region: ekonomika i sotsiologiya = Region: Economics and Sociology, 2009, no. 4, pp. 55–68. (In Russ.)
  15. Glushchenko K.P. [On the assessment of interregional inequality]. Prostranstvennaya ekonomika = Spatial Economics, 2015, no. 4, pp. 39–58. (In Russ.)
  16. Zaionchkovskaya Zh., Nozdrina H. [Migration experience of the population of regional centers of Russia (the case of a sociological survey in 10 cities]. Problemy prognozirovaniya = Problems of Forecasting, 2008, no. 4, pp. 98–112. (In Russ.)
  17. Kolomak E.A. [Development of the urban system of Russia: Trends and factors]. Voprosy Ekonomiki, 2014, no. 10, pp. 82–90. (In Russ.)
  18. Malkina M.Yu. [Investigating the relationship between the level of development and the degree of income inequality in regions of the Russian Federation]. Ekonomika regiona = Economy of Region, 2014, no. 2, pp. 238–248. (In Russ.)
  19. Nefedova T., Treivish A. [Cities and rural area: The condition and correlation in the space of Russia]. Regional'nye issledovaniya = Regional Research, 2010, no. 2, pp. 42–56. (In Russ.)
  20. Shevyakov A.Yu. [Problems of reducing the scale of inequality and poverty in Russia]. Federalizm, 2010, no. 1, pp. 7–18. (In Russ.)

View all articles of issue

 

ISSN 2311-8725 (Online)
ISSN 2073-039X (Print)

Journal current issue

Vol. 17, Iss. 8
August 2018

Archive